Published on 29 October 2021
This Policy Briefing describes findings from research conducted in Mozambique, Nigeria, and Pakistan, as well as from a global, cross-country study, and the insights from an International Roundtable. It asks how and under which conditions do struggles over energy in fragile and conflict-affected settings empower citizens to hold public authorities to account?
Cite this publication
McCulloch, N. (2021) ‘Energy Protests and Citizen Voice’, IDS Policy Briefing 185, Brighton: Institute of Development Studies, DOI: 10.19088/IDS.2021.062